The global economy depends on agriculture in so many ways. From the clothes we wear and the food we eat, to the medicine and vitamins we take and the houses we live in. Genetics in agriculture has played a major role, and will only continue to play a larger role in the future due to the expanding knowledge of agricultural genetics.
In GreenBio, you can find news articles, events, reports and general information about the following fields that changing the way the world views agriculture:
There is a worldwide shortage of organs for clinical transplantation and, many patients due to receive new organs die on the waiting list. Recent advances in understanding the mechanisms of transplant organ rejection have made it possible to consider that organs from other species, such as pigs, may soon be engineered to minimize the risk of serious rejection and used as an alternative to human tissues. Such transplants, known as xenotransplantations, could help put an end to organ shortages.
GreenBio will follow the field of xenotransplantation, the progress and the many novel medical, legal and ethical issues.
» Pharmaceutical Production (Biopharmaceuticals)
Developments in agricultural genetics has made it possible to add a specific gene or group of genes to a plant or animal. This enables them to express products such as proteins, monoclonal antibody, peptides, enzymes and vaccines for the treatment of diseases such as: cancer, AIDS, arthritis, blood pressure, diabetes and more.
The word's etymology comes from the Greek φυτο (phyto) = plant, and Latin « remedium » = restoring balance, or remediating. Phytoremediation consists in depolluting contaminated soils, water or air with plants able to contain, degrade or eliminate metals, pesticides, solvents, explosives, crude oil and its derivatives, and various other contaminants, from the mediums that contain them. It is clean, efficient, inexpensive and non-environmentally disruptive, as opposed to processes that require excavation of soil.
» Enhanced Agriculture
Due to a better understanding of genetics and cellular biology, it is possible to enhance today's crops by adding specific genes that enhance the plant's overall performance. The general field is referred to as agricultural biotechnology and the crops benefiting from this know how are referred to as transgenic plants among scientist, and more commonly as: genetically enhanced, genetically modified, genetically engineered, GM or GE
» Marker Assisted Selection
Marker-assisted selection (MAS) is a sophisticated new technique that makes use of expanding knowledge of plants at the genetic level to assist plant breeders in developing new crops with desirable traits. With MAS, scientists locate the chromosomal regions (markers) in plants that are associated with desirable traits, and use this information to speed up traditional plant breeding.